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  • Aidani-Kumahara相谷熊原Incipient Jomon site in Shiga prefecture, where one of the oldest dogu was found
  • Amida NyoraiAmida Nyorai
  • Aota青田Final Jomon site in Niigata prefecture, with wonderful waterlogged preservation of architectural timbers
  • Asahi朝日Large Yayoi period ditch-enclosed settlement in Aichi prefecture
  • Asuka飛鳥Region in southern Nara prefecture where early palaces and temples were located during the Asuka period
  • Awazu粟津Jomon shell midden on the bed of Lake Biwa with excellent preservation of foodstuffs
  • Bibi 4美々4Late Jomon burial enclosure in Hokkaido
  • BurakudenBurakuden
  • ByodoinByodoin
  • ChiteikiChiteiki
  • Chitose千歳Location of main airport for Hokkaido: excavations in the area produced many Jomon sites
  • Chobonaino著保内野Site where a large hollow Jomon figurine was discovered
  • Chuzenji中善寺Lake in Tochigi prefecture above the Nikko Toshogu shrine, and location of a sacred mountain with ritual deposits from the Kofun period
  • DaishoujiDaishouji
  • Dogu土偶Ceramic figurine from the Jomon period
  • Dotaku銅鐸Bronze bell from the Yayoi period
  • Edo江戸Modern-day Tokyo: centre of government during the Edo period under Tokugawa Shogunate
  • Enpun円墳A circular burial mound, common during the Kofun period
  • Fukiishi葺石Stones used to clad kofun burial mounds
  • Fushimi伏見Urban area south of Kyoto, famous for the Fushimi-Inari shrine and sake production
  • Gion祇園Location in central Kyoto: now famous for tea houses and geisha
  • Hachioji八王子Location in the west of Tokyo
  • Haniwa埴輪Terracotta tomb figures from the Kofun period
  • HashiharaHashihara
  • Heian-kyo平安京Capital of Japan from AD 794, later known as Kyoto
  • HiwadabukiHiwadabuki
  • Hizen肥前Famous stoneware ceramic production area in Okayama prefecture
  • Ho bo choHo bo cho
  • HofunHofun
  • Hokuriku北陸Region of Honshu on the Japan Sea coast comprising the modern prefectures of Fukui, Ishikawa, Toyama and Niigata
  • HoraiHorai
  • HotodaHotoda
  • Hotoda-Hachimanzuka保渡田八幡塚Large key-hole shaped burial mound in Gunma prefecture, part of a Kofun period landscape
  • Hyogotsu兵庫津Medieval port close to modern-day Kobe, Hyogo prefecture
  • Ikegami-Sone池上曽根Large Yayoi settlement in Osaka prefecture
  • Imashirozuka-Kofun今城塚古墳Large Kofun period burial mound in Osaka prefecture
  • Imojiya鋳物師屋Site that produced a famous cylindrical hollow dogu
  • Itazuke板付Early rice farming village of the Yayoi period in Fukuoka prefecture
  • IzumoIzumo
  • JodoJodo
  • Jomon縄文Literally means ‘cord-marked’: name of period (c. 14,500 – 500 BC) during which cord-marked pottery was predominant
  • Kaga加賀The name of the clan of an Edo period feudal lord, whose Edo estate has been extensively excavated
  • Kamegaoka亀ヶ岡Final Jomon site in Aomori prefecture, famous for its ‘goggle-eyed’ figurines
  • Kamitakatsu上高津
  • Kammu桓武8th century AD Emperor who established Heiankyo (Kyoto) as the capital of Japan
  • Kamo-Iwakura加茂岩倉Site that produced many bronze bells (dotaku) from the Yayoi period, in Shimane prefecture
  • Kamogawa鴨川River that flows through Kyoto
  • KaneiKanei
  • Kanjo-doriKanjo-dori
  • Kanso nenbutsuKanso nenbutsu
  • Karako Kagi唐古 鍵Important Yayoi period site in Nara prefecture
  • Karesansui枯山水A dry stone garden
  • Kasori加曾利A large Jomon settlement with shell mounds, in Chiba prefecture
  • Katakana UchifukumaKatakana Uchifukuma
  • KatashiroKatashiro
  • Kazahari風張A Late Jomon settlement in Aomori prefecture which produced a famous seated figurine
  • Keitai継体An early Emperor
  • Kinkakuji金閣寺The Temple of the Golden Pavilion in Kyoto
  • Kitamura北村A Jomon cemetery in Nagano prefecture
  • Kiusu木臼A Late Jomon burial enclosure in Hokkaido
  • KiyomizuKiyomizu
  • Kiyomizudera清水寺 A famous temple in Kyoto
  • Kofun古墳Old tomb, or burial mound from the Kofun period (AD 250-710)
  • KogomiKogomi
  • KojindaniKojindani
  • Komakino小牧野A large complex of Jomon period stone circles in Aomori prefecture
  • KuchizusamiKuchizusami
  • Kurozuka-Kofun黒塚古墳Kofun period burial mound in Nara prefecture famous for producing many bronze mirrors
  • Kusado Sengen草戸千軒Medieval trading port in Hiroshima prefecture
  • Kusakari草刈Jomon settlement in Chiba prefecture
  • Kyoto京都Capital of Japan from AD 794, formerly known as Heian
  • MaedaMaeda
  • Maeda Toshitsune前田利常Name of one of the Edo period feudal lords
  • Magatama勾玉Comma-shaped bead, usually made of stone, popular during the Kofun period
  • MekiriMekiri
  • Mishima Aino MisasagiMishima Aino Misasagi
  • Mitsudera三ツ寺1Elite residential compound in Gunma prefecture, dating to the Kofun period
  • MiyataMiyata
  • Mokkan木簡Strip of wood with writing on it, especially from Nara period
  • MomijiyamaMomijiyama
  • Mozu Furuichi Kofungun百舌古市古墳群A cluster of large kofun in Osaka prefecture
  • Nabeshima鍋島Important porcelain producing area in Saga prefecture
  • Naito cho内藤町Area of Tokyo with Edo period sites
  • NakamichiNakamichi
  • NakamuraNakamura
  • Nango-Ohigashi南郷大東Site in Nara prefecture with features relating to water rituals from the Kofun period
  • Nara 奈良 Location of the Heijo palace and capital, AD 710-794
  • Nikko Nantai日光男体Sacred mountain near Chuzenji Lake in Tochigi prefecture
  • Nikko Toshogu日光東照宮The mausoleum and associated shrines of the first Tokugawa Shogun, Ieyasu, in Tochigi prefecture
  • Nintoku tennoryo仁徳天皇陵The kofun burial mound attributed to the 5th century Emperor Nintoku, Osaka prefecture
  • Noh能Traditional Japanese performance
  • OfuroOfuro
  • Ojo-YoshuOjo-Yoshu
  • Okinoshima沖ノ島Sacred island, home of the Munakata deities, Fukuoka prefecture
  • OndashiOndashi
  • Otsuka大塚Large ditch-enclosed Yayoi settlement in Kanagawa prefecture
  • OyuOyu
  • Ryoanji竜安寺Temple in Kyoto famous for its garden
  • SaikachidoSaikachido
  • Sakafune-ishi酒船石Asuka period site in Nara prefecture with stone garden features for water
  • SakenomibaSakenomiba
  • Sakuramachi桜町Jomon site in Toyama prefecture with well-preserved architectural remains
  • Sakyo左京Area in Kyoto
  • Sannai-Maruyama三内丸山Largest Jomon settlement known, Aomori prefecture
  • Satohama里浜Jomon settlement and shell mounds in Miyagi prefecture
  • Sekibo石棒A long polished stone bar, a Jomon ceremonial object
  • Sendai仙台Large city on Pacific coast of northern Honshu
  • Shakado釈迦堂Jomon settlement in Yamanashi prefecture that has produced many figurine fragments
  • Shinden-zukuri神殿造Style of architecture typical of Shinto shrines
  • Shirakawa白川River in Kyoto
  • Shugendo修験道Japanese ascetic religion
  • Shuteibo主堤防A type of Jomon period burial enclosure
  • TakarazukaTakarazuka
  • TakimamuroTakimamuro
  • Tanabatake棚畑Large Jomon settlement in Nagano prefecture, famous for the ‘Jomon Venus’ figurine
  • TananabatakeTananabatake
  • TempakuTempaku
  • Tendai天台Buddhist religious sect
  • TochikuraTochikura
  • Tokkosho特効商A ritual weapon
  • ToyamaToyama
  • TsukanoshitaTsukanoshita
  • Ubayama姥山Jomon settlement and shell mounds in Chiba prefecture
  • UkeUke
  • Ukyo右京District of Kyoto
  • Umenogoten梅御殿The Plum Pavilion in an Edo period lord’s residence
  • Usu MoshiriUsu Moshiri
  • Yamada KunikazuYamada Kunikazu
  • YamakaYamaka
  • Yamato大和Region of Nara and name of the Japanese Imperial dynasty
  • Yayoi弥生Location in Tokyo where pottery later assigned to the Yayoi period (500 BC – AD 250) was first identified
  • Yoshinogari吉野ヶ里Large Yayoi settlement in Saga prefecture
  • Zempo-Koen-fun前方後円墳Keyhole-shaped mounded tomb of the Kofun period