1400 AD

Gardens, Shrines & Mountains

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• a flowering of Middle English literature: John Wyclif translated the Bible into English (1381), Geoffrey Chaucer began his Canterbury tales (1386)
• some key late medieval architecture: Westminster Hall wooden roof (1394), York Minster east window (1408)
• political unrest during a time of plague, population decline and worsening climate: Peasant’s Revolt against unequal taxation and feudalism (1381), deposition of the autocratic Richard II (1399)
Read more

1000 AD

Formation of Japanese Meal

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world the peak of Old English literature:
• Alfric of Eynsham on Christian theology, Wulfstan of York on politics and law, Bryhtferth of Ramsey on science, and the great manuscript collections of poetry were made
• the Winchester art style of manuscript illumination and painting
• Danish attacks and conquest of England (1013-16), the Scandinavian empire of King Cnut (1016-1035)
• Scotland was fully united in 1018 when Malcolm II annexed Strathclyde
Read more

794 AD

Growth of Cities

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• the first writings in Old English begin in charters and wills
• King Offa of Mercia (758-796), built Offa’s Dyke between Mercia and Wales
• Viking attacks on Britain began (793)
• Emperor Charlemagne created the Holy Roman Empire in Europe (800)
Read more

710 AD

Power of Water & Rock

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• early illuminated manuscripts in Britain and Ireland, e.g. Lindisfarne Gospels
• Bede of Jarrow, major scholar of theology and history writing (690-735), his key historical work the Ecclesiastical History of the English People (731)
• Hamwic trading town established (modern Southampton) as part of the revival of the early medieval economy
• Moslem conquest of Spain (711), conquest of France failed (732)
Read more

300 AD

Life & Death in a Changing Society

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• Roman Empire at its height, rich villas and mosaics in Britain, major cemeteries such as Lankhills cemetery in Winchester
• forts built to guard the Saxon Shore in the south east of Britain
• Emperor Constantine legalised Christianity (313), moved the capital from Rome to Constantinople (modern Istanbul)
Read more

300 BC

The Impact of Rice

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• European Iron Age, La Tene art style in the west and Britain
• hillforts (such as Danebury) and small farms, major production of wheat, horse riding and chariots
• Alexander the Great created the first major world power in Greece, Persia and Egypt (336-323)
Read more

2000 BC

Mystery of Dogu Figurines

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• Early Bronze Age in Britain, rich burials with bronze and gold artefacts, such as the Amesbury Archer (2300) and Bush Barrow (2030)
• farmsteads of wooden round houses
• Later phase of Stonehenge religious and ceremonial site, the main period of use of stone and timber circles
Read more

3000 BC

Earliest Villages & Cemeteries

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• Late Neolithic Britain, farming of wheat, barley, cattle, sheep and pigs
• Skara Brae ‘village’ in Orkney
• Grimes Graves flint mines were begun
• Early phase of Stonehenge religious and ceremonial site, Ness of Brodgar major religious site in Orkney
Read more

5000 BC

A Land of Plenty

Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world
• Late Mesolithic Britain, hunters and gatherers living of such as red deer, hazel nuts and fish
• the warmest climate in Britain during the last 12,000 years (2° C warmer than now)
• Goldcliff human footprints
• Morton and Oronsay settlements in the north of Britain
Read more